DEVELOPING GAMES FOR PRESCHOOL CHILDREN
Games for preschool children are of great importance in the development process. They form communication skills, improve figurative and logical thinking, educate the baby as a person. Games should not only entertain the child, but also develop. Educational games for preschool children stimulate the child to such work, which improves memory, imagination and fine motor skills of the hands. Thanks to the games, the child has skills and abilities that will be useful to him in the future.
Properly organized games are a great educational method. Younger preschool children are interested in everything new. Therefore, it is better for parents to pay attention to “smart” toys and developmental games, which in the future will help the child to study well at school.
The cognitive value in games for children of middle preschool age is that the child independently seeks knowledge, but does not get ready-made ones. This is how the mental processes and abilities of a person are formed, including communication skills.
Differences of educational games:
a peculiar goal of the game;
material for the game prepared in advance;
set of rules;
clear organization of communication.
Games should take into account the age of children. Those games in which you can touch objects and find out their properties are more suitable for a child of a younger preschool age. A child of a senior preschool age is likely to be interested in learning computer games.
Functions of parents and teachers in games:
communication of design and rules;
game action training;
direction of the game;
help to children;
reward for victory.
Educational games for preschool children
In such games, children develop communication skills, they learn the rules of communication, learn how to behave in society. In collective games, kids can listen, talk, share their thoughts and feelings.
The game “Bubble”. Children sit in a circle, and each in turn calls his name. When the child answers, the leader takes his hand and approaches the other baby. When everyone rose from their seats and stood in the “snake”, the leader closes the ring, and you get a bubble. Further, the bubble can be made smaller (squeezing the ring) or larger (increasing it). At the end, the host says: “The bubble burst!”, The children open their hands and clap their hands.
In the process of playing activities, children can also learn the basics of the exact sciences. With the help of games in children, an idea of geometric shapes, numbers and numbers is formed, as well as logical thinking.
The game “Magic Bag”. An adult puts small balls, cubes, pens, cones in a bag. The child should, with his eyes closed, relying only on tactile sensations, remove three balls, four pens, two dice, and so on from the bag.
Educational games for preschool children
When a child plays with a ball, he develops dexterity, improves endurance, and improves coordination of movements. Ball games have a positive effect on physical health. The child becomes stronger, physically developed, strong.
The game “Day and Night.” When the leader says: “Day!”, The children carry out various commands: throw the ball up, throw it into the basket or to each other. When the host says: “Night!”, The children should freeze and not move until the command “Day!” Sounds again
Due to improper diction, children often have problems at school. To prevent and prevent this, developmental games are needed in which the child must quickly and correctly pronounce complex words and phrases. Fun speech training can consist of tongue twisters. For example, “Grass in the yard, firewood in the grass. Do not chop wood on the grass of the yard. ” Tongue twisters strengthen the baby’s speech apparatus and enrich his vocabulary. The task of adults is to ensure that all words are pronounced clearly and correctly.
Outdoor games, like ball games, strengthen the child’s health, develop his muscles and musculoskeletal system. To make the game more fun and bring more benefits, you can include a rope, skittles, a rope in it. In winter, you can play snowballs, sculpt a snowman.
The game “Dragon”. Children stand in line, holding hands. The first child in the line is the head of the dragon, and the last is his tail. At the command of the leader, the head should catch its tail, and that one should dodge. When the task is completed, the children switch places.
Now in stores on the shelves there is a huge variety of board games for children of all ages that develop a child. Puzzles, mosaics, stencils for drawing, coloring, puzzles, constructor – all these games allow the child to spend time fun and profitably. Board games improve memory and intelligence, improve creativity and eye.
Our century of digital technologies, it is impossible to imagine the process of raising and developing a child without computer games.