MATERIAL ZUBREZHKA: BENEFITS OR HARM?
Literally repeating material many times in a row is one of the oldest teaching methods. Its roots go back to the 19th century. It was then that teachers forced the children to memorize the lesson in such a way that “it bounced off the teeth.” There were several reasons why such a method was dominant in training:
The basis of education. In parish and county schools of that time, the basis of education was prayer, the rules of grammar and numeration. To remember them, there was no better method than cramming. It is clear that the amount of knowledge was much less than in modern educational institutions. In order to study such material, young people had no problems.
Lack of textbooks. In rural schools, children had to study without books. They received all the information only from the mouth of the teacher. Therefore, I had to remember every word he said.
Lack of an individual approach to each child. The notion that all children are different, each child has the right to his own point of view, the knowledge of each should be evaluated individually, did not exist. In those days, everyone had to think and answer the exam the same way.
Fortunately, today the picture is completely different. Modern teaching methods are aimed primarily at the individual perception of the material, the development of creative potential in children. It would seem that cramming with this approach to learning is no place. However, with many shortcomings, this method has its advantages.
DOES THE CHILDREN NEED A CHEESE?
There are times when memorizing the material is simply necessary. This applies to historical dates, mathematical formulas and theorems, poems. Here you may not even understand what you are teaching. The main thing is to learn.
But you can not stop only on memorization. It must be remembered that children better remember what is interesting to them. Therefore, when doing homework, a son or daughter needs to be interested. Interest is a great motivation to study. If the child is interested in studying the basics of physics, the structure of man, or “What did the author want to say with this?”, Then he will have no problems with academic performance. He himself will sit down at the table and do homework; he will not need to be forced.
The task of parents and teachers is to find the golden mean of teaching methods, techniques and approaches in which a student can fully learn.
IN WHICH CASES DO CHILDREN NOT BE MEMORED?
With an increase in the volume of knowledge, the amount of what you need to remember word for word decreases. Education Quality Requirements
man today is quite high, mechanical memorization alone is not enough. Students and specialists should not only memorize material, but also be able to think: draw conclusions, think logically and creatively, find innovative ways to solve problems. The student must know where he can find information, how to use it, where to apply the knowledge.
BENEFITS OF ZUBOREZHKA
Remember how to learn at least one subject at school without cramming? Answer: such an item does not exist.
Native language. There are children who are lucky to have a good visual memory. They can memorize the correct spelling of words during the reading process, and then on the sheet reproduce what they have learned (this is what is meant by innate literacy). However, the vast majority of the rules of any language require memorization. Congenital literacy does not exist. This is the same myth as innate knowledge of the language. A child is not born knowing one or another language. He assimilates it gradually in the process of communicating with other people. Absolute literacy is inherent in those people who like to read and have good visual memory. They just write the way
deposited in their minds while reading. Without even knowing the rules, they will write correctly.
Literature. The main thing in the study of a work is to understand its content, to be able to hear the author. But even in literature you can’t do without cramming – the writer’s life, dates of writing, poems, passages – all this students have to memorize.
Story. You can not do without cramming dates, important historical events, names of rulers, periods.
Algebra, geometry, physics, chemistry are sciences that require accurate calculations, so schoolchildren have to cram numerous formulas, axioms and theorems.
Foreign language. Learning a foreign language involves memorizing endless lists of words, the rules for their spelling, declension. And in order to master the language perfectly, you will also have to remember numerous stable expressions and exceptions to the rules.
Of course, it’s hard to imagine a less boring lesson than memorizing irregular verbs in English or physics formulas. However, a lot of such cramming brings benefits. It is not just about learning new information. In the process of memorization, the brain trains. A very good charge for the brain is doing mental arithmetic at the SMARTUM Academy of Intellectual Development.
When students on the night before the exam remember the material for the study of which a whole semester was allotted, then, having passed the exam, they almost immediately forget everything.